k's point of view

経営を本業とし,その現場で毎日活動しています。このブログは,旧司法試験の問題を中心に,新たに実務的視点で考えてみるブログでしたが,最近は,ビジネス関連の雑考や法律・ビジネス関連の書籍紹介の記事が多くなっています。

Conversational English Grammar (β):英語の会話文における文法整理(ベータ版)

古いUSBメモリを漁っていたら,昔自分がやっていた英語の勉強のメモがありました。まだ浅い理解で不十分な点は多々ありますが。またちょこちょこ直していきますが,β版として共有します。

 

 会話素材

これを文法項目別に分類整理(インデックス化)したものが以下になります。

 

Page1   the cases in which things are used as subject in dialogue

Nothing’s coming.

I downloaded about 300 songs this morning…rock, classical, reggae, rap, disco, even gospel. Nothing’s working.

This has all of the hallmarks of a classic investment scam.

Yes, some bottles fell off the shelf of my studio. It’s scary.

This stinks.

I like horror movies. Suspense films. Things that really make me scream.

It’ll save time when my novel becomes movie or vice versa.

Well, the plot concerns a chap from London living in Tokyo.

Is his name Victor?

A trail of enigmatic clues leads Vincent to suspect that one of the other seemingly innocent regulars has committed a murder.

Now, I can’t guarantee that this’ll work.

The vocals and instruments distract me then. But when I’m brainstorming, the rhythms stimulate my imagination. A fine Napoleon brandy’s not bad, either.

You know what moves me? Show tunes. I love singing in the shower. A great lyric totally change my mood.

You know what inspires me? Diaper Rash. It’s a punk band. – Punk? I don’t think so.

I can’t work at home. It always leads to a blowup with my husband.

You know what helps me get along? The ukulele. – Really? I’ve never much cared for it.

Thieves are always looking for a chance to steal your luggage, your wallet. – I guess so…

That set up a free kick.

The suspense is killing me.

It is about investment scams and how easy it is for people, intelligent people, to fall for them.

It is very brave to show us your vulnerable side. – Really? I was not very good at baseball either.

My shoulder hurt and I could turn my head. So I went to the clinic.

Isn’t the stock market inherently risky? Yes, if you don’t know what you are doing.

The ultimate goal was not to make a profit but to satisfy our clients.

 

 

Page2   Real, Unreal

You may think that you are getting a good deal on a treasure, but actually you are buying a fake.

1 Real (Confined to present)

(1) SV

We just argue.

Dogs sweat. They sweat through their feet.

I quit.

(2) SVC

She seemed strange from the start.

You don’t seem to appreciate my little engineering marvel. Do you have anything against robots?

You seem to know a lot about robots.

This is not gambling. This is an absolutely robust investment. – But isn’t a stock market inherently risky?

You’re confused.

That sounds pretty serious.

You don’t sound too happy about it. – It’s not like that.

I know this sounds stupid but Japan was supposed to be mine.

The movie looks very romantic.

The invisible man? – It looks like a picture of fresh air.

They are not just punk, okay? They’re like ambassadors of angst, pioneers of pathos. They’re completely untouched by commercialism.

I’m a terrible travel agent. – Don’t say that. I’m sure you’re a terrific travel agent!

(3) SVO, SVOC, SVOO

Did you sell your book?

She copies everything I do.

The defender kicked me in the knee and I fell to the pitch. The referee whistled the foul.

Now, you slip your arm around her shoulder. Now, you’re getting it. Now protect me. Make me feel safe. Now, you’re getting it…

Make it double.

I want you to listen to this.

I don’t want that to happen here.

I always advise my clients to carry the number of their national embassy or consulate, just in case of an accident.

You should hear them perform. (not “performing”) – They are going to rock your world.

I just told myself there was no pain, and took the kick. I bent the ball around their players and into the net. – You tied the match? – As time ran out.

2 Unreal (present and past)

We should have prepared for such a natural disaster. We should have stockpiled enough fuel, food and water as a countermeasure against disaster. – I don’t completely agree with you. It would not work in this situation because tsunami have washed away all. All of them would have been spoiled.

(1) Should

What? How should I know? Ask a fish.

You should hear them perform. (not “performing”)

(2) Would

It would be catastrophic, an international crisis.

You’d be drinking constantly. You’d never get dry.

I’d like to visit a few Asian countries and buy some local art.

You would be surprised how many pedestrians step in front of moving cars.

(3) Could

The seller could accommodate seven. if you want to bring your husband, I will do it.

Maybe we could go to cinema.

Now that you mention it, I could do with a holiday abroad.

(4) maybe

Hey, Laura! Maybe you can resolve this. What do you think? Do fish get thirsty?

 

 

Page3    Tense

1 Past

(1) Simple

I played soccer in school, too. I was a goalie. – Were you any good? – well, I don’t want to boast, but I once stopped 12 shots in a single game.

Did you feel the earthquake last night? – Some bottles fell off a shelf in my studio. It was scary.

You said you’ve had several different jobs. Did you use to work in robotics?

I promised myself I wouldn’t go home until I had at least one good study.

Richard and I were very happy newlyweds 15 years ago. – So, what went wrong? – We started drifting apart during the ’96 presidential election.

(2) Continuous

I was having a bath and it made little waves in the tub.

(3) Perfect

2 Present

(1) Simple

He never votes the issues anymore, he only votes the party line.

(2) Continuous

You are breathing all the time, right?

I’m writing a suspense film.

Joe is just telling us about his greatest moment in college soccer.

(3) Perfect

Your seat is ready. I’ve warmed it up for you.

I’ve got a great idea for a book.

I’ve seen robots that can make music.

A friend of mine invested in this five month ago, and he’s seen ten percent earnings since then each month.

My mate has made a 50-percent profit. – You mean he’s given 50 percent of his investment back.

This has been an experiment, you see.

I’ve working on an idea for a non-fiction book.

What’s she done now?

Have you seen Joe? Has Joe been in yet?

It’s been collapsing for years.

I’ve been sitting here for hours, trying to get inspired. But nothing’s coming.

You know, I’ve been thinking about taking a vacation.

3 Future

(1) Simple

I’m planning to put down an initial investment of $20,000.

She’s coming here?

I’m closing.

You’ll be her mentor. – Yeah, she’ll depend on you to show her the ropes.

Today, she gets her student visa. Tomorrow, she’ll be fluent in Japanese. Next month, she’ll have my job at the travel agency.

Where’s she going to stay.

I’ll buy a ticket from you.

(2) Continuous

(3) Perfect

 

 

Page4    It, There be, have, here be

1 it

(1) time

Considering the seismic activity in Japan, it’s probably just a matter of time before a big one hits Tokyo.

(2) brightness

(3) Temperature

(4) Weather

(5) Season

(6) other conditions

It’s nothing to do with work.

It’s Leila, my younger sister.

It’s scary.

2 there be

But there are predictions that major quake could hit Tokyo.

There’s a citywide evacuation because of high-revel radioactive substances from a nuclear plants. There are infectious diseases among evacuees.

But there’s a chance that, whenever something scary happens, she’ll grab you for protection.

3 have (the case in which subject is not human)

You have a sister?

4 here be

Here’s the twist.

Here is another tip.

 

 

Page5   verbs

Sure. Today she gets her student visa. Tomorrow she will be fluent in Japanese. Next month she will have my job at the travel agency.

1 have (stative)

May I have a beer.

Cant a person have a drink in peace?

This has all of hallmarks of a classic investment scam.

I had no idea you nearly turned pro. It is very exciting.

Do you have anything against robots?

I have an aversion to gambling.

It’s just that Leila has a way of coming between my friends and me.

See? You have four potential customers right here! – Great! I’d like to help all of you.

Anyway, Vincent has to get the crime solved before he becomes the next victim.

I knew we had to score, so I put the pain out of my mind.

I cant believe you are having a trouble making sales.

I was having a bath.

My office is having a contest this month. The agent with the most sales gets a weeklong round-trip anywhere in the world, free.

2 be (stative)

I’m used to it.

That was an argument about air freshner.

That was the beginning of the end.

GOP baby, I’m a Republican and I’m proud of it.

You are such a partisan.

You are confused.

Joe is quite the sportsman, isn’t he? – A real-life football star.

Don’t be embarrassed. We cant all be stars. – The truth is…that game was a fluke. I was never any good at soccer not like Joe. I spent most of time on the bench. – He was a bookworm, not an athlete. – Well, I think it is sweet. – You do? – Yeah. You are brave.

3 do (dynamic)

This appliance does mathematical calculations. – So basically he does everything you do. – And he does twice as much as you do.

She’s doing her thesis in cross-cultural communications.

Laura, do you always do this to a new customer? – Absolutely. I want to protect my clients.

Even if she does come, you are still the expert.

4 get (dynamic)

Could I get a ticket to Shinjuku?

This appliance has got a built-in vacuum cleaner. It cleans your desk.

Have robots got something that will replace my husband?

I got no problem with that. I got no problem against artificial intelligence.

He’s been getting his friends to put their money in the thieves, maybe.

I got my undergraduate degree in communications. So, naturally, Leila is getting her master’s degree. And I just found out she has got a scholarship to enroll in a Japanese university next semester.

Do fish get thirsty?

It won’t be that way when I get married

Hey! I’ve got a little something for you.

I want to get to know each other, outside of the bar.

Now, you are getting it.

I’ve been sitting here for hours, trying to get inspired.

You don’t want to get arrested for doing something you didn’t even know was wrong.

He has been getting his friends to put their money in… like you.

5 give (dynamic)

Give me some credit, will you? It’s not Victor. It’s… Vincent.

I am giving each of you the chance to get a stake in this as well.

My mate has made a 50-percent profit. – You mean he has been given 50 percent of his investment back.

6 see (stative)

I just saw a trailer for a movie that just opened.

Whenever he sees obstacle, he turns around.

7 take (dynamic)

If you like Laura, try taking her to a horror movie.

You should also take precautions against being cheated, especially when you are buying designer goods and art.

Who was actually supposed to take the kick? – I was!

8 work

Now, I can’t guarantee that this’ll work.

Nothing’s working. – You know what works for me? Jazz.

I was working for a group that was developing a microcontroller that could mimic the cognitive process of the human brain. We were working on a prototype that could produce an accurate emotional response.

9 keep

Dogs keep cool by panting. Like that. They don’t sweat.

10 make

Everyone else is making sales.

Could I get a ticket to Shinjuku? – Joe! Show a little class, will you? …Make mine to Yokohama.

George, make it double. – A double what?

I made a winning goal again.

They make all of the transactions in your stead.

Smart thieves will funnel some of an investor’s money back to him to make it look like he is making a profit.

11 go, come

Our supporters went wild. My team mates carried me around on their shoulders. We went on to win the championship and our team became the U.S. representative at the international tournament. – It’s incredible!

Jack came on too strong and scared her off. – Jack! You came on to my sister.

12 tell

He always tells jokes. He is kidding and funny.

 

 

Page6   Question

1 How

(1) How (be)…?

(2) How (do)…?

Hi, everybody. – Laura! How did you change your clothes so fast? – What are you talking about?

(3) How old…? How big…? How long…? How far…? How often…? How soon…? How many…? How much…? How tall…? How high…? How much weight…?

How many pedestrians step in front of moving cars in a year in the world?

2 What

(1) ask about subject

What went wrong? Well, I got my undergraduate degree in communications. So naturally, Leila is getting her master’s degree.

What is and isn’t regal in the country?

What happened in the shootout? – Believe it or not…I made the winning goal again!

(2) What (be)…?

What’s wrong with you people?

What are you talking about?

What are you doing? – Sketching.

What was the diagnosis.

(3) What (do)…?

What does he do? – He tells jokes.

What did you do? – What could I do?

Sorry Jack what will it be? – I want what Joe is having. Make mine doeble.

(4) What time…? What date…? What day…? What month…? What kind of…? What’s the weather…? What’s the temperature…?

3 Who, Whom

(1) Ask about Subject (Who)

  1. Who (be)…?

Who was actually supposed to take the kick? – I was.

  1. Who (do)…?

(2) Ask about Object (Whom)
A.

B.

4 Which

(1) Ask about Subject

  1. Which (be)…?
  2. Which (do)…?

(2) Ask about Object

  1. which (be)…?

Which one of us is the killer?

B.

5 Whose

6 Where

(1) Where (be)…?

Where is she going to stay? – With me until she finds her own place.

Anyway, where is she? I’m meeting her here.

(2) Where (do)…?

Where do you want to go? – I want to go to Shinjuku.

7 When

(1) When (be)…?

(2) When (do)…?

When does Laura arrive? – At the end of the month.

8 why

Why didn’t you go?

Why didn’t you turn pro? – Well, you know, there were a lot of other things I wanted to do.

Page7   Noun clause

1 unreal (hope, wish, guess, think)

I hope that this would be what you had in mind. – This is perfect.

I was thinking maybe you might like to go with me.

2 question

(1) if (wonder, be worried, know, be sure, ask)

(2) who, what, how, where, when, whose, why (know, be sure, ask)

It does make you think about what’s really important and who is important to you.

Richard and I just want a president who rill protect what we’ve earned, not just take it away.

Now that’s what I call a disaster.

Not what I’m doing. What YOU are doing. A robot can’t enjoy music.

Yes, if you don’t know what you are doing.

That’s what happened to my wife and me. Now she’s my ex-wife.

You know what works for me? Jazz.

The story is about how two of them fall in love.

This is why I make it a policy never to talk politics in my bar.

3 real

(1) indirect speech (say, tell (, ask, order))

Jack don’t tell me you are Republican.

(2) others (think, remember, find, hear, listen to, see, look at, watch)

I’m sure you’ll find this one more to your liking

I hate to disillusion you, Shakespeare, but I don’t think it was your book.

Wait, wait, but you said Leila was your “little” sister…

All you have to do is pay a modest brokerage, sit back and watch your investments grow.

I thought you were writing a novel.

Now, I can’t guarantee that this’ll work.

 

 

Page8   amount adjectives

1 many, much, a lot of (lots of), plenty of

There were a lot of things I want to do.

There is so much more to him than I realized.

2 …of

A couple of cold ones, George. – All right.

Well four of us lined up for the free kick. It is a tactic to confuse the opponent.

I spent most of time on the bench.

3 few, little, a few, a little

There were only a few seconds left in the game and the other team had a one point lead.

You seem a bit out of it. – I guess I am freaking out a little.

4 some, any

Come on Vic. Spill some details.

I could use something sweet right now.

Some bottles fell off in my studio. It was scary.

Does anybody have an aspirin?

Do you have anything against robots?

So, is anyone interested in buying a trip? – Uh, I’d love to, but maybe later, after the high season has ended.

I can’t sell anything.

Robot can’t enjoy anything.

5 no, none

You have nothing to be concerned about.

It had nothing to do with you. / It has nothing to do with work. / It has nothing to do with my paints.

Nobody think so, Jack.

Nothing’s coming.

I got no problem against nuclear plants.

6 each, every

I’m giving each of you the chance to get a stake in this as well.

She copies everything I do.

Everybody sure left in a big hurry.

Everyone just felt like going to the movies.

I want to get to know each other, outside of the bar.

This is high season. Everyone else is making sales.

7 all

All sorts of robots are being made to replace human beings to do hazardous and dreary work.

There are all kinds of problems that can happen when you are traveling.

George, champagne all around!

I’d like to help all of you.

All you have to do is pay a modest brokerage, sit back and watch your investment grow.

This has all of hallmarks of a classic investment scam. Smart thieves will funnel some of an investor’s money back to him to make it look like he is making a profit then they can take more.

8 both, one

When we first married, we both registered as Independent. (both of us)

I’m writing both, concurrently.

One of us?

I once stopped 12 shots in a single game.

9 enough

I’m full, I’ve had enough air.

 

 

Page9   Prepositions 1 (include the case in which used as subordinate)

1 when, how long

(1) in, on, at

That’s a 50 percent profit in five month.

(2) from, to

She seemed strange from the start.

(3) for, since

My marriage is collapsing for years. I am used to it. – That sounded pretty serious.

2 where

(1) in, on, at (particular place where something’s happened)

They made a wall of players in front of the goal. The formation looked like this.

But in this case, a team of geniuses manages the funds for you by proxy. They make all of transactions in your stead.

It’s just that, ever since we were kids, she had this compulsion to outdo me at everything.

The plot concerns a chap from London living in Tokyo. He’s a regular customer at a local pub not unlike this one.

I want to spend time with Laura alone, not in a group.

(1)-2 in, inside, out, outside

I put the pain out of my mind.

I want to get to know each other, outside of the bar.

(2) from, to, toward, for (departure, arrival)

Could I get a ticket to Shinjuku?

It means a lot to me.

I will buy a ticket from you. – Attaboy!

(3) by, near, behind, ahead, below, above, on, off (location)

3 why, what the mean (how), what’s caused, what’s happened

(1) for, in order to (destination, purpose)

Whenever something scary happens, she’ll grab you for protection.

You listen to music for inspiration? – Sometimes.

I have been working on an idea for a non-fiction book.

(2) by, with (mean)

Nice going Jack, you scared her off with that stuff about love.

(3) because of (cause)

Because of an anomaly in the earth’s crust, six people are trapped in the cellar of a pub.

(4) to (result)

4 the order (of time or actions or incidents)

(1) before, after, next

I’d love to, but maybe later, after the high season has ended.

So then what’s next?

Vincent has to solve the crime before he becomes the next victim.

(2) while, during

We started drifting apart during the ’96 presidential election.

(3) by, until (the order of actions)

With me until she finds her own place. I don’t discuss my work until I’ve finished.

5 what’s like

I balk when people start talking about them as if they’re human beings.

When we moved to Japan, we still wanted to have some say in the electoral process, so we signed up for absentee voter ballots.

Do you vote the issues Jennifer? Or is it the party line for you as well?

Dogs sweat through their feet.

6 attitude (for, against)

Do you have anything against robots?

I was working for a group that was developing a microcontroller.

7 about

You guys, I’m embarrassed about the way I acted.

You know about identity theft.

That was an argument about air freshener. Honestly, it doesn’t matter what we argue about anymore. We just argue.

 

Page9-2   Prepositions 2 (used as SVC or SVOC)

The story is about their developing relationships.

Did you create a robot that was just like a human? – Of course not. I quit.

If those thieves disappear tomorrow, then he’s out 50 percent.

It’s about investment scams and how easy it is for people to fall for them.

You seem a bit out of it.

I guess I’m in the minority.

Well, maybe Richard is like me.

This is for you.

Has Joe been in yet? – He’s not that I know of.

He is out of sick.

He is off.

I’m not really into romances. I like horror movies.

So, what’s the movie about?

It looks like a picture of fresh air.

That was in grade school. We were ten years old. – Yeah, well, it was a big deal to me.

 

 

Page10   Subordinates (include the case used as prepositions)

1 As

When we first married, we both registered as Independent.

All right then, as a conservative, maybe you can explain Richard’s perspective to me.

I’ve built a refuge here in the seller as a countermeasure against disaster.

I don’t like to hear people talk about robots as if they are human beings.

2 Because

I vote with my party because I agree with its perspective on the issues.

I could hardly walk because my knee hurt so much.

3 If

(1) real

  1. past

If I sold ten boxes of Girl Scout cookies, she had sell 20. If I got an A in Spanish, she’d have to get an A+. If I liked guy… well, you get the idea.

  1. present

Even if she does come, you’re still the expert.

If you like Laura, try taking her to a horror movie. – A horror movie?

If I’m such a good travel agent, how come I cant make a sale?

If those thieves disappear tomorrow, he is out 50 percent.

  1. future

(2) unreal

  1. past
  2. present

If someone gets your passport or credit cards, it could cause serious damage. – That is true, but…

  1. future

4 Like

You say “Republican” like it’s a dirty word.

Maybe Richard is like me.

I like scary movies like that.

5 So

6 Though (although)

7 when, whenever

He walks around my house and whenever he sees an obstacle, he turns around.

When victor has a spot of good luck, his friends get lucky, too.

You listen to jazz when you’re writing? – Not actually when I’m writing.

 

Page10-2   Conjunctions

1 and, or

Do you vote the issues, Jennifer? Or is it the party line for you as well?

2 but

But if you insist, it’s a psychological thriller based on my life in Japan.

3 then

Smart thieves will funnel some of an investor’s money back to him to make it look like he’s making a profit then they can take more. Trust me, this stinks.

 

 

Page11   Others

Modals

May I have a sparkling water with a twist of lime?

You don’t have to be an accountant to know you’re never going to make that kind of money through banking.

He may think so.

Hey Laura, maybe you can resolve this.

As a conservative, maybe you can explain Richard’s perspective to me.

 

Adverbs (confined to …ly)

1 when

I’m writing both, concurrently.

Don’t you usually do this in your studio? – Yeah, but it’s being painted. Ironic, huh?

You would be drinking constantly.

2 where

3 why, how, what’s happened

4 what like

So basically he does everything you do.

But seriously, folks, this little guy has got a built in vacuum cleaner.

Honestly, it doesn’t matter what we argue about anymore.

I got my undergraduate degree in communications. So naturally, Leila is getting her master’s degree.

 

Useful combinations of words

1 So…that

2 Too…to

It sounds too good to be true. – I thought so, too.

If it looks too good to be true, then it probably is.

3 Enough…to

 

Participle, Infinitive

It’s just that Leila has a way of coming between my friends and me. I just don’t want that to happen here. – Don’t worry. You have nothing to be concerned about.

I have been invited to participate in a remarkable, market-based investment opportunity. And I am giving each of you the chance to get a stake in this as well.

1 past participle

2 present participle

Considering seismic activity in Japan, it was probably just a matter of time before big one hits this area. It is catastrophic. Moreover, because of the following accident of nuclear power plants, it may be international crisis. It does make us think if we should use so many nuclear power of not.

We first started drifting apart during the ’96 presidential election.

3 infinitive

The ultimate goal was to create a self-conscious android that would stand here like I am.

You have absolutely nothing to be concerned about.

I don’t like to discuss my work until I’ve finished. I don’t even tell my editor.

She will depend on you to show her the ropes.

 

Passive

I have been invited to participate in a remarkable, market-based investment opportunity.

No, the characters are not you. They’re…based on you.

Nothing’s coming. I’m totally blocked.

All sorts of robots are being made to replace human beings, to do hazardous and dreary work that people cant do or don’t want to do.

 

Comparative

1 as long, much, many, far, often, tall, high, soon as

You know, that tsunami joke is cute as long as it’s confined to a bathtub.

And he does twice as much as you do.

So you’re as bad as Jack.

2 –er, more

I’m a minute older.

I’m sure you will find this one more to your liking.

The more successful I become, then the more I have. And the more I have, the more I have to lose. Ergo, the more orthodox I get.

3 –est, most

Imitation is the sincerest form of flattery. – I call it the sincerest form of larceny.

 

 

The last page   Conversations (say and reply)

1 hellos and goodbyes

Hello everyone.

Please enjoy your champagne and thank you for participating in this research. (quietly and sincerely) Thank you, Jack. – No problem.

Laura, are you okay?

Sorry.

Thanks. You’re a good friend.

Really? Oh, you guys! Thank you!

2 hook

Check it out everybody!

Come on George, tell us!

Come on Vic. Spill some details.

Bottle of bubbly, coming right up.

Everyone, your kind attention, please.

Victor, could I have a word?

Victor, just listen to me for a second, okay? It’s a scam.

Listen everyone.

Who’s stopping you? If you want it, get it.

Now that you mention it, I could do with a holiday abroad.

Look. You are breathing all time, right? But you never say you are full.

3 response

All right then…

Oh… right.

Beats me.

Exactly. / Not exactly.

Actually. / Not actually.

You can say that.

Of course. / Of course not.

You mean the stock market?

Understandable. But…

I thought so, too.

You really have confidence in this? – Absolutely.

Me, too.

You have a sister? – Yeah.

It’s not like that. I adore my little sister. It’s just that…

Well, you get the idea.

That’s not so bad, is it?

Oh Laura, don’t let it discourage you.

You have nothing to be concerned about. – Thanks. It means a lot to me.

That’s right.

Sure.

Oh, don’t worry.

Don’t say that. I’m sure you’re a terrific travel agent! – If I’m such a good travel agent, how come I cant make a sale? This is a high season.

You know what? Surprise me will you? – I’ll do my best.

Everything’s great except that my marriage is collapsing. – Oh, no!

It’s all right.

How about that? Your own baby tsunami.

Good. / That’s pretty good. – Uh-huh.

Really? I thought you were writing a novel.

Sounds great.

Ooh, sounds creepy!

I think so too. / I thought so too. / Me, too.

She is coming to Tokyo. – She is coming here? That’s not so bad, is it?

Oh, Laura, don’t let it discourage you.

4 ask a question

So, they totally blew your mind, right?

What’s the occasion?

What happened? – It’s nothing. My shoulder hurts a bit, that’s all.

Can I join you? – Sure. I was just doing a crossword puzzle.

What’s she done now?

So then, what’s next?

How’s it going – Don’t ask.

Is anything wrong?

Is everything alright?

Well victor what happened?

What do you think?

Who’s stopping you? If you want it, get it!

I just use rat poison. So what? Nobody wants rodents in the bar.

What’s with her? – Beats me. She’s been here doing that since I opened today.

5 suggest

Count me in!

Come on victor. Have some!

All right, let’s go. Come on!

I could use something sweet and cheerful right now.

Well, if you want, you can stay here until I lock up.

Just be careful. – Careful?

Go ahead Joe. What happened next?

Who’s stopping you? If you want it, get it now.

You have some more peanuts.

6 will, prediction, opinion, explain

Okay, I’m going to the bathroom

It will not be that way when I get married. – nobody think so, Jack.

It doesn’t matter what we argue about anymore.

What!? – I mean I thought she was you.

7 special

My ship has just come in.

I don’t want to rain on your parade, but this has all of the hallmarks of a classic investment scam.

You guys, I’m embarrassed the way I acted.

[要約]すべては「単純に」でうまくいく

 

すべては「単純に!」でうまくいく

すべては「単純に!」でうまくいく

  • 作者: ローター・J・ザイヴァート,ヴェルナー・ティキ・キュステンマッハー,小川捷子
  • 出版社/メーカー: 飛鳥新社
  • 発売日: 2003/02/24
  • メディア: 単行本(ソフトカバー)
  • 購入: 3人 クリック: 18回
  • この商品を含むブログ (48件) を見る
 

 

 

第1章 物

1 まず机の上を片付けよう

2 ファイルを使って書類の山をなくそう

  • ハンギングファイル
  • すぐに返事を出す
  • 定期的に整理する:10分も整理すれば、すっきりする。
  • 何かを探すときは、何かを捨てる
  • 何かを加えるときは、何かを捨てる
  • 仕事が終わったら、まず整理を
  • 走り書きのメモは、ノートに貼り付ける
  • 目の前の問題は、すぐに解決する:「よどみなく」流れを止めない。即座に決定を下す。停滞に対する感覚を養う。今片づけを邪魔しているものは何か。やる気のなさか。ではその原因は。あふれかえったフォルダか。1つでも邪魔なものを見つけたらすばやく取り除く。
  • 75%まで収納場所がふさがったら、それを満杯だとみなす。

3 余計なものを捨て、心身ともにすっきりしよう

  • ラクタが引き起こす4つの真実:①未来に対して消極的になる ②集中力を妨げ意欲をなくす ③お金がたまらない
  • とにかくすっきりさせる。物がないからといって冷たい感じになるとは限らない。それより、冷たすぎる感じの色や、つるつるとした材質、明るすぎて、包み込む感じのない照明の方が問題。
  • 人に譲る
  • 床に物を置かない。家で自由に動き回れないと、人間は自らの動きを制限するようになる。その結果、経済的レベルが下がる。
  • 洋服の整理
  • きちんとした寝室
  • 整理するための5つの原則:①何かを取り出したら、元に戻す。②何かを開けたら、閉める。③何かを落としたら、拾う。④買い物を思いついたら、すぐに書き留めておく。⑤修理しなければならないものは、1週間以内に済ませる
  • 完璧主義を捨てる

4 探し物の第1位は、鍵

  • 決まった置き場所を作る

 

第2章 金

5 金に対する思い込みを捨てよう

  • 自分にとって本当に大切なことだけに専念する。多くの人が、今の人生とは別の生き方を望んで、無駄な努力をしている。たとえそれが、人から見ればささやかなものであっても、今時分が手にしているものを正しく評価して楽しむ。〔他人に対する接し方にも反映する〕
  • 執着を捨て、動じない気持ちを持つ:「私は一生懸命努力して、成功して裕福になりたい。でもそれがうまくいかなかったとしても、自分をだめな人間だとは思わない」
  • 心の中にある思い込みを見つける:①もし、こうなったらという不安(←自分がなりたいというイメージを思い描く。成功する人とは、常に大きな夢を抱き続けた人) ②言い訳(←「~できたらいいな。それには~してみよう」という考え方。知らず知らずのうちに、「~ならいいんだけど、~だからできない」という発言をしがち) 

6 金から自由になろう

  • 本当の豊かさに達するための次の一歩「物は少なく。お金は多く」:物は既に最終的な形をとったものであり、選択の自由がない。
  • 口座にお金があるかどうかが、個人の尊厳に影響する

7 借金から抜け出すために

  • 持っている以上のお金を使わない
  • わずかな金額を馬鹿にしない

8 安定を求める気持ちから抜け出そう

  • 出会うかどうか分からない、まだ見ぬ危険におびえ、現状にしがみついていないか
  • 時々は、新しい仕事を探してみる
  • 報酬を求めることは、自分の行為の価値を高める
  • みんなのいる前で、上司が自分をこき下ろしたら:自分自身と、自分の提案やアイデアを分けて考える。「私は、決定に文句を言うつもりはありません。けれども、もう少し客観的な表現をされたなら、私のほうももっときちんと対応できたでしょう」
  • 独立するための確実な道(もっと自由で、もっと幸せな人生を考えたとき、「人に使われないこと」は一つの選択肢):①助走する(今の仕事のほかにもう一つ、仕事になりうるものを手に入れる。自分が何をしているときが一番楽しいか) ②アドバイザーを探す(税理士でかまわない) ③目標は高く(「目標が高すぎることなどない。ただ、それにかける時間が短すぎるだけだ。その分野でのトップを目指せ」) ④儲けを増やすことではなく、顧客の要求を満たすことを目指す ⑤決してライバルの悪口を言わない ⑥品質で勝負し適正な価格を付ける ⑦自分を信じる ⑧失敗に耐える ⑨節約する ⑩したくない仕事を、金だけのためにすることのないように

9 豊かさに対する考えを改めよう

  • 支出を書き留める

 

第3章 時間

10 自分の行動をシンプルにしよう

  • 成功し、幸せな人の秘密は、全身全霊で、ある1つのことに集中できるということにある。たとえその人たちが、さまざまな仕事を抱えていたとしても、彼らはそれを混乱させることなく、秩序立てるテクニックを身に付けている。それは、「1番大事なことを、1番最初に」急ぎかどうかでそれが決まることもあるが、急ぐものが必ずしも重要なものとは限らない。重要なのは、自分に特別大きなプラスをもたらすもの。今後非常に発展する可能性のあるもの。

大事なのは、トップに置くものは1日1つにすること。2つ以上だと、頭の中でそのことを思い描いただけで、集中力が弱まる。

  • うまくいったら祝う
  • 実利的な解決;常に必要な分だけ。完璧にするより、今すぐするが大事

11 人生に完璧を望まない

  • 自分の失敗を面白がる
  • 「きちんと仕上げない」「中途半端にやっつける」そんな日をわざと作ってみる。そうすると、日々前進しなければ、という無意識のプレッシャーから逃れられる
  • きちんとした議事録は要らない
  • 昔から定着している手順を見直す
  • 細かく予定は立てない
  • 1週間単位で計画する。「とにかくこれは済んだ」と喜ぶ

12 きっぱりノーを言おう

  • 自信がないからノーと言えない
  • 「はあ、そうですか・・・でも、無理です」

13 人生をのんびり過ごそう

  • 時間泥棒:①無数のちょっとした用事(←まず1時間しなけらばならないことをしてから、他のことに頭をまわす) ②高すぎる目標(←今を大事にする) ③ふさわしくない働き方(←一匹狼タイプの人がチームで働かなければならなくなると、ミーティングや他のメンバーに対する責任の時間を無駄だと感じることになる。自分のタイプにあった適切な条件を整備する)
  • 今を生きることに気持ちを注ぐ
  • 先に延ばすくせに別れを告げる:①「私は、~しなければならない」という言い方を避け、「私は~したい」「私は~できる」というようにする ②結果を気にしない。プロセスを楽しむ ③完璧にはやらない ④もっと遊びを。精神が創造的になる ⑤自分の不安について知る。不安をとことん見つめる。恐れていたことが実際に起きたらどうなるか。さらにそのあとはどうなるか。シナリオを作る。徹底的に考える。そうすると、自分にも意外と失敗から立ち直る力のあることが実感できる ⑥未来を区切って考える(下図)

現在                                    未来

    ―――――――――――――――不安――――――――――――――――→

    ―安心→|―安心→|―安心→|―安心→|―安心→|―安心→|―安心→|

・書くことが思いつかないときは、ブレーンストーミング

・やりっぱなし癖と戦う

・情報の洪水をせき止める:①これを読まなければの束を減らす ②テレビを見る時間を減らす。ラジオを聴く ③メールの返事はすぐに、要件は簡潔に

14 時々は、今の仕事場から抜け出そう

 

第4章 健康

フロー(没頭):①全力を挙げて、物事に打ち込む ②今に集中する ③1つのことに集中する ④仕事を楽しむ ⑤不満を持っている同僚との共同作業を避ける ⑥自分で管理できる仕事を探す ⑦余暇を楽しむ

 

第5章 人間関係

第6章 パートナー

第7章 あなた自身

30 人生の目的を見つけよう

31 あなたの長所を伸ばそう

  • 自分の得意なことを10書き出す。その中で特に得意だと思うことに3つ印を付ける
  • 自分がやりたいと思うことを5つ書き出す。その中で1番大事だと思うものに印を付ける。それらの項目の後に、これをするには何ヶ月掛かるかを記す

32 「良心」を楽にしてあげよう

  • 自分の中にいる小さな裁判官(他者の目からの批判者)を確認する:「私は、もう自分のことは自分で決められる」=他人の意見に左右されない=一人前の人格
  • 後ろめたさを捨てるために裁判官を休ませる:「これから3時間、たとえ私がへとへとになるまで働いたとしても、あなたたちはきっと不満だろうね」
  • 自分の思いのたけを話せる、信頼できる人を見つける

33 あなた自身をよく知ろう

私は…

タイプ5:「私は、物事の本質を究めたい」

聡明で冷静沈着、客観性を持って物事を正しく判断することができる。忍耐力があって、自分の信じたことを貫く意志を持っている。

また、マイペース。個人的な領域にもっとも価値を見出す。外からの義務や要求はなるべく遠ざけようとする。

物事にあたるときは、知識を集め、分析し、体系化するが、感情とはきちんと距離を置いている。

孤独を好む。周りからはさびしそうに見えることもあるが、本人は独りでいる時間を楽しんでいる。

弱点は、けち。金銭面だけではなく、知識や自分自身に関しても。そのため、何かに参加することや、自分の時間、気持ちなどを人に与えるのを渋る。

 

思考中枢を好むグループに属する。社会で経験をつむより、頭でじっくり考えることを好む。人生を解かなければならない謎とみなす。このグループの人の関心事は「不安」(タイプ5は、自分の感情のもつれに対する内面的な不安があり、そこから自由になりたいと願っている)。このグループの人のテーマは「距離を置くこと」。異性関係が危機に陥ると、人間はもともと独りだと考える。退却。自分の内面世界という無限に広い小宇宙へ行ってしまう。それは他の人からは、愛情のない行為だと思われてしまう。

文明/アイデンティティ/変化/世代

部族の文明と我々の近代文明の比較についてふと考えが。

 

部族は隔離され,変化しないことがアイデンティティで,極端な場合服を着ることすらアイデンティティの崩壊につながりますが,我々には生活様式の変化とアイデンティティの崩壊のつながりがありません。

 

信仰と生活様式が結びついているイスラムなどもありますが。

 

変化を恐れず進化し続けて環境に適応し続けるのがダーウィン以来の強力なアイデンティティの根源なんでしょうね。

 

そこにさらに世代間のバトンタッチがあるんだと思います。恐竜は滅びてネズミは生き延びたところですね。